Download An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions by Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal PDF

By Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal

The authors supply a concept about the nature of a linguistic description, that's, a theoretical assertion in regards to the form of description linguist is ready to supply of a usual language. This thought seeks to combine the generative belief of phonology and syntax constructed by means of Chomsky and Halle, with the notion of semantics proposed through Katz and Fodor. The authors exhibit that the mixing inside of one idea of those conceptions of phonology, syntax, and semantics clarifies, extra systematizes, and justifies every one of them. in addition they exhibit that such integration sheds enormous mild upon the character of linguistic universals, that's, upon the character of language. basic concentration is put on the relation among the syntactic and the semantic parts of a linguistic description.

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This usage is, however, ambiguous. Because of the phenomenon of syntactic ambiguity the same string of formative s is often pro, , , . . , . » , , , , , . . , , . The Syntactic and Semantic Components 24 vided with two or more distinct SD by the syntax. 10. 10 concerned with 'sentence' not in the ambiguous sense in which this term may denote two or more distinct SD but rather in the sense in which 'sentence' refers to a string of formatives with a fixed SD Henceforth, to avoid this ambiguity we use the term 'sentence' to refer to a fixed string of formatives regardless of .

Having considered the character of the dictionary we now turn to the process of assigning a semantic interpretation to a sentence, i. e. , to the operation of the projection rules. 8. 8 semantic component performs in providing a semantic interpretation for (4) is to associate with each of the lexical items in (4) i. e. 8. Such an association is affected by the following condition: first step that the — — (i) If a reading from , the dictionary entry for the lexical item mj contains syntactic markers which attribute to m- the same syntactic categorization that an occurrence o±m.

Cf. Halle (1959, 1962), Chomsky and Miller (1963). The erasure clause in (Rl) is included to avoid pointlessly duplicating semantic markers and distinguisher s in the derived reading. Thus, for example, it makes no sense to include the semantic markers (Human) and (Female) twice in the reading associated with the compound expression spinster aunt just because each of the readings combined contains occurrences of both these markers. In the derived reading for spinster aunt one occurrence of each of these markers is sufficient; another occurrence of each adds no semantic information.

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