Download American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles) by Donald A. Ritchie PDF

By Donald A. Ritchie

In 60 essays, this quantity profiles American newshounds from colonial occasions to the present--reporters, editors, publishers, photographers, and broadcasters--whose careers mirrored significant advancements of their career and within the background of the U.S.. In a speech to Newsweek correspondents in 1963, writer Philip Graham defined journalism as "the first tough draft of history." those newshounds faced and helped to form the dialogue of significant matters and occasions in American background, from the yank revolution via abolition, westward enlargement, the Civil struggle, the civil rights move, immigration, and the women's flow, in addition to significant constitutional matters related to the 1st modification security of freedom of the click. Biographies of recognized reporters, from Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine to Walter Cronkite and Rupert Murdoch, seem along a few who will be much less standard, akin to Elias Boudinot, founding father of the 1st Cherokee language newspaper; Abraham Cahan, editor of the Jewish day-by-day ahead; and Daniel Craig, who within the 1830s used service pigeons to ferry the scoop. different matters contain Margaret eco-friendly Draper, the progressive printer; Claude Barnett, founding father of the linked Negro Press; photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White; battle correspondent Ernie Pyle; and Allen Neuharth, founding father of united states at the present time. Illustrations, truth packing containers, and quotations from the topics themselves make this quantity an vital reference for college students of yankee historical past in addition to a desirable learn. reporters profiled contain: Horace Greeley Frederick Douglass Mark Twain Thomas Nast Joseph Pulitzer Nellie Bly William Randolph Hearst Ida Wells-Barnett H. L. Mencken Dorothy Thompson Walter Winchell pink Smith Edward R. Murrow Walter Cronkite Bernard Shaw Cokie Roberts Manuel de Dios Unanue and lots of extra

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Fenno would publish the paper only if the Federalists could promise him government printing contracts to make the venture financially successful. When Senator King assured him of such support, Fenno launched the Gazette of the United States. It appeared in New York from April 1789 until October 1790, and then moved to Philadelphia along with the federal government. Most previous newspaper publishers had been printers, for whom newspapers were but one of many jobs handled by their print shops; but John Fenno was primarily an editor.

Capitol, painted by Constantino Brumidi. As a Federalist publisher, John Fenno not only supported the government’s policies but also printed articles written by prominent Federalists, such as Hamilton. 3 2 • A M E R I C A N collected and spread news and opinion, mailing copies to postmasters and other newspaper editors throughout the country. ” A small three-column paper, the dignified Gazette rarely adopted an insulting tone toward its opponents. ” Hamilton, in particular, found the Gazette a handy means of spreading his ideas, and he made sure that the Treasury Department gave Fenno its printing jobs.

F U RT H E R R E A D I N G Collier, John. The Indians of the Americas: The Long Hope. New York: New American Library, 1947. Debo, Angie. A History of the Indians of the United States. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970. Ehle, John. Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation. New York: Doubleday, 1988. Moulton, Gary E. John Ross: Cherokee Chief. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1978. Perdue, Theda. The Cherokee. New York: Chelsea House, 1989. Perdue, Theda, ed. Cherokee Editor: The Writings of Elias Boudinot.

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