Download American Amphibious Gunboats in World War II: A History of by Robin L. Rielly PDF
By Robin L. Rielly
Because the usa all started its crusade opposed to quite a few Japanese-held islands within the Pacific, jap strategies required them to advance new guns and methods. the most an important to the island attacks was once a brand new staff of amphibious gunboats that may convey heavy fireplace shut in to shore as American forces landed. those gunboats have been additionally to turn out vital within the interdiction of inter-island barge site visitors and, overdue within the conflict, the kamikaze hazard. numerous diversifications of those gunboats have been built, according to the troop sporting LCI(L). They incorporated 3 conversions of the LCI(L), with a number of combos of weapons, rockets and mortars, and a fourth gunboat, the LCS(L), in accordance with an analogous hull yet designed as a guns platform from the start. via the tip of the conflict the amphibious gunboats had confirmed their worthy.
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Extra info for American Amphibious Gunboats in World War II: A History of LCI and LCS(L) Ships in the Pacific
This was stormed repeatedly but by 1430hrs the Marines had only gained 200yds (183m). The 2nd and 1st Battalions had slightly better luck and were north of the airfield, although "Hill Peter" remained in enemy hands. Nine Shermans had been knocked out and Marine casualties stood at nearly 400 dead and wounded. " The first was Hill 382 (named from its elevation above sea level), with its slopes peppered with countless pillboxes and caves. Four hundred yards to the south lay a shallow depression called the "Amphitheater," and immediately to the east Rocket firing trucks were used extensively on Iwo Jima where the terrain permitted.
The Japanese continued their disruptive fire throughout the night and between 150 and 200 troops gathered at the end of the runway of Airfield No. 2 and rushed the lines of the 23rd Regiment at 2330hrs. A combination of artillery and naval gunfire annihilated them before they could reach the Marines. The ships of the Navy Task Force supporting the landings were to become the targets of one of the early kamikaze attacks of the war. As the light began to fade, 50 Japanese aircraft approached from the north-west.
Day one in the Meatgrinder was a complete stalemate - 100yds (91m) gained at the cost of nearly 500 casualties. The 23rd and 24th Marines of the 4th Division, some 3800 men, began their assault on the Meatgrinder at 0800hrs on D+6. The customary naval barrage and sorties by carrier based bombers and fighters preceded the Marines, and Sherman tanks spearheaded the attack, but the terrain proved to be so rough that they had to divert through the 3rd Division lines and progress from the left flank: an ominous sign of the growing limitations of tank support in the appalling conditions.