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By Pamela J. Cressey

Local American artifacts, dated as early as 8,000 B.C., were present in a variety of locations round Alexandria, Virginia. the positioning of a fishing camp, a bustling hub for the export of grain, and a middle of the slave exchange in the course of the early 19th century, Alexandria is wealthy with American artifacts.

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Additional resources for Alexandria, Virginia (Digging for the Past)

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The land had been leased to the city by the local Quaker congregation, called the Alexandria Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. The cemetery had not been used for burials since the 1890s. Now, a century later, some of the old graves were about to be disturbed. The city worked with the Alexandria Monthly Meeting to design the library addition so that as many burials as possible could be left in place. Any graves that might be disturbed by the construction were to be recorded and excavated by the archaeologists and then reburied elsewhere on the library grounds.

A lawyer named Ludwell Lee purchased the plantation in the 1790s. His daughter Matilda described the drawing room of their home as being elegantly furnished, "with mirrors down to the floor before which I danced many a day. " In recent years, campers have been excavating a laundry building behind the mansion. Before they pick up their trowels, Steven Shephard and Francine Bromberg tell them what they might expect to find. " When the campers excavate the stone foundations, their measurements agree with this.

See also Urban renewal Duke Street, 25-27 Filter systems, 23, 24 Flakes, stone, 34 Fort Ward, 7, 9-12, 33 Free blacks, 6, 27, 28-29, 31, 32, 37 Glass factory, 30 Guns, 9, 11, 15 Hayti neighborhood, 6, 28-29, 32 Bakeries, 19-20 Baptists, 28 Bones, 36 Bottoms, the, 28, 29, 32 Bromberg, Francine, 36, 37, 39 Brooks family, 29-31 Buttons, 31-32, 37 Philadelphia, 38 Population, 9, 27 Porringer, 38 Ports, 8, 20 Potomac River, 8, 9, 19 Pottery, 12-13, 27-28, 32, 34-35, 38 Privies, 14-16 Quaker burying ground, 7, 35-36 Quakers, 21-22, 28, 35, 37 Shephard, Steven, 36, 37, 39 Shuter's Hill, 24 Shuter's Hill plantation, 7, 39-40 Slavery, 6, 9, 21,25-28, 40 Smidisonian Institution, 13, 14, 16 Soil layers, 11-12 Spear points, 34 Spectrometer, 38 Starr, Dorodiy, 10-11, 33 Stonegate, 34, 35 Sugar refining, 20-21 Indians, American, 34-35 Jamestown, 6 Jamieson Bakery, 20 Tax records, 18, 24 Torpedo factory, 14, 17 Urban renewal, 12, 13, 17 King Street, 7, 12-17, 22, 27 Volunteers, 14, 15, 16, 17, 33 Canal, Alexandria, 7, 9 Canoes, 35 Cemetery, 35—36 Childhood, 18-19,23 Cholera, 23-24 Cisterns, 20, 23-24 City archaeologist, 17, 19, 34, 40.

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