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By Peter V. Hobbs
FROM THE PUBLISHERAerosol and clouds play very important roles in identifying the earth's weather, in ways in which we're in simple terms starting to understand. together with molecular scattering from gases, aerosol and clouds verify partly what fraction of sun radiation reaches the earth's floor, and what fraction of the longwave radiation from the earth escapes to house. This e-book presents an outline of the newest learn on atmospheric aerosol and clouds and their results on international weather. topics reviewed comprise the direct and oblique results of aerosol on weather, the radiative homes of clouds and their results at the Earth's radiation stability, the incorporation of cloud results in numerical climate prediction types, and stratospheric aerosol and clouds.
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The elimination from NPOESS of requirements for climate research-related measurements is only the most recent example of the nation’s failure to sustain critical measurements. The committee notes that despite NASA’s involvement in climate research and its extensive development of measurement technology to make climate-quality measurements, the agency has no requirement for extended measurement missions, except for ozone measurements, which are explicitly mandated by Congress. ”15 The committee is concerned that the nation’s civil space institutions (including NASA, NOAA, and USGS) are not adequately prepared to meet society’s rapidly evolving Earth information needs.
Accordingly, the committee advises NASA to seek to implement the recommended set of missions as part of one strategic program, or mission line, using both competitive and noncompetitive methods to create a timely and effective program. The observing system envisioned here will help to establish a firm and sustainable foundation for Earth science and associated societal benefits in the year 2020 and beyond. It can be achieved through effective management of technology advances and international partnerships, and through broad use of space-based science data by the research and decision-making communities.
Volcanic eruptions and landslides often have precursors, but the ability to detect and interpret these precursors is severely limited by a lack of observations.