Download A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library) by Van de Velde, Mark L.O. PDF

By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.

A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few entire descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The complicated tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain song of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists may be specially attracted to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a couple of logically self sustaining phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate worthwhile analyses of, between others, gender and contract; annoying, point, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they'll come across many morphosyntactic alterations among Eton and the higher recognized japanese and Southern Bantu languages, frequently as a result of evolutions formed via maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and complicated buildings supply information infrequently present in assets at the languages of the area, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.

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The second stem vowel is often reduced in intensity, especially when it is not followed by a pause. In contrast, the clear difference in length of prominent versus non-prominent consonants is exceptionless. Any reduction of non-prominent vowels must therefore be seen as a secondary phonetic correlate of prominence in Eton. 22 Phonology Figure 1. Consonant length in the nonsense word Ų‫ڮ‬-nànà The length of prominent consonants is so salient that in some dialets and in some morphological contexts a prominent consonant can be reinterpreted as a succession of two consonants, as the following data illustrate.

Centralisation of /Ų/ The front vowel of the third degree is centralised to [ŵ] before labial and velar consonants and before /j/ if it is the nucleus of a prominent syllable. (16) a. b. c. d. e. f. |á # L-͟Ų‫ڮ‬b| |á # L-pŲ‫ڮ‬m| |ndŲ‫ڟ‬g| |ù-kŲ‫|͡ڟ‬ |pŲ‫ڟ‬í| |à-vŲ‫ڟ‬í| ࣰ /á͟Ų‫ڮ‬b/ ࣰ /á pŲ‫ڮ‬m/ ࣰ /ndŲ‫ڟ‬g/ ࣰ /ùkŲ‫͡ڟ‬/ ࣰ /pŲ‫ڟ‬j/ ࣰ /àvŲۖj/ ࣰ [á͟ŵ‫ڮ‬b‫‘ ]ܚ‬to be good’ ࣰ [ápŵ‫ڮ‬m] ‘to dislike’ ࣰ [ndŵ‫ڟ‬g]‫‘ ܚ‬calabash’ ࣰ [ùkŵ‫‘ ]͡۞ڟ‬knife’ ࣰ [pŵ‫ڟ‬j] ‘viper’ ࣰ [àvŵۖj] ‘red’ |Ų‫ڮ‬-bùm| |Ų‫ڮ‬-má͡| |Ų‫ڮ‬-kÞۖ͡| |Ų‫ڮ‬-͡góz| ࣰ /Ų‫ڮ‬bùm/ ࣰ /Ų‫ڮ‬má͡/ ࣰ /Ų‫ڮ‬kw$͡/ ࣰ /Ų‫͡ڮ‬góz/ ࣰ [Ų‫ڮ‬bùm] ‘belly’ ࣰ [Ų‫ڮ‬má۞͡] ‘cheek’ ࣰ [Ų‫ڮ‬kw$۞͡] ‘lance’ ࣰ [Ų‫͡ڮ‬gós] ‘heap’ but: g.

Nasal appr. 1. Discussion of some phonemes and oppositions /ҷ/ & /Ě/ Phonetically /ҷ/ and /Ě/ are affricates. They contain a stop part and a fricative part. Phonologically, positing a separate class of affricates will lead to a proliferation of feature distinctions, so it is better to classify them as either fricatives or stops. The morphophoneme |S| is represented by /ҷ/ after |Ͱ| and by /s/ elsewhere. 5). (1) a. |Ͱ‫ڮ‬-Sílá| ࣰ /͟‫ڮ‬ҷílá/ ‘question’ b. |mì-Sílá| ࣰ /mìsílá/ ‘questions’ However, since the number of fricatives is small in Eton, I chose to range the affricates with the stops.

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