Download 7th U-Boat Flotilla: Doenitz's Atlantic Wolves by Jak P. Mallmann Showell, Angus Konstam PDF
By Jak P. Mallmann Showell, Angus Konstam
The seventh U-Boat Flotilla - 'Wegener' - was once shaped in Kiel in June 1938 with six boats, just one of which survived operationally to the top of the conflict. Early battle motion from Kiel replaced thoroughly after the autumn of France while the flotilla moved to St Nazaire, the place it will stay till the Allied advances led its closing boats to maneuver to Norway.
Some 114 boats observed provider with the flotilla and such a lot of them served within the North Atlantic the place their operations nearly introduced Britain to its knees. the tale of the flotilla begins with the tale of the convoy predators; throughout the grim realities of the convoy approach whose escorts benefited from extremely decrypting of the Kriegsmarine's codes; the bloodbath of the U-boats trying to halt the invasion of Europe; to the ultimate coda as 14 boats escaped from St. Nazaire to Norway.
Ian Westwell spent 5 years within the Royal military sooner than turning into Curator of guns on the Royal Armouries. After a spell as a marine archaeologist he grew to become leader Curator on the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West. He moved again to England to put in writing complete time in 2001.
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Additional info for 7th U-Boat Flotilla: Doenitz's Atlantic Wolves
Erich Topp was transferred to a shore post in September 1942, becoming commander of the 27th (Training) Flotilla, where he was responsible for preparing the next generation of U-boat commanders. l in late December 1942. This operation involved 15 U-boats operating in several small groups to attack a vital tanker convoy bound for Britain. The year thus ended on a high note for the flotilla, but any high hopes were dashed by the losses incurred during the following few months. At the end of December 1942 the 7th U-boat Flotilla consisted of 22 boats, not counting the three that had been transferred to training flotillas.
The presence of diesel exhaust smoke on the left of the photograph suggests the picture was taken before 1942, when the use of diesel engines in harbour was prohibited. Aerial-launched acoustic mines littered the harbour, and were triggered by diesel engines, but not by electric motors. Left: St Nazaire shortly after the air raid warning system has triggered the many smoke generators set up around the town. The V-boat bunker in the harbour can be made out as a large white rectangle below a concentration of smoke obscuring many of the harbour features.
This shows a rigid aerial where the entire boat had to turn in a circle if all-round radar vision was required. This gear did not last far beyond the experimental stages and special, rotating aerials were later fitted. 57 SPEA RHEAD: 7TH U-BOAT FLOTILLA Right: The slender lines of an earlier type of conning tower. The additional anti-aircraft guns made the boats more unstable, reduced their underwater speed and increased the diving time. Below: AType VIle with the heavier anti-aircraft armament, consisting of a 20mm quadruple on the lower and two 20mm twins on the upper platform.